Boden G, Sargrad K, Homko C, Mozzoli M, Stein TP: Effect of a low-carbohydrate diet on appetite, blood glucose levels, and insulin resistance in obese patients with type 2 diabetes. Ann Intern Med 2005, 142(6):403-411.
Gannon MC, Nuttall FQ: Effect of a high-protein, low-carbohydrate diet on blood glucose control in people with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes 2004, 53(9):2375-2382.
Velasquez-Mieyer PA, Cowan PA, Arheart KL, Buffington CK, Spencer KA, Connelly BE, Cowan GW, Lustig RH: Suppression of insulin secretion is associated with weight loss and altered macronutrient intake and preference in a subset of obese adults. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2003, 27(2):219-226.
Volek JS, Feinman RD: Carbohydrate restriction improves the features of Metabolic Syndrome. Metabolic Syndrome may be defined by the response to carbohydrate restriction. Nutr Metab (Lond) 2005, 2:31.
Volek JS, Forsythe CE: The case for not restricting saturated fat on a low carbohydrate diet. Nutr Metab (Lond) 2005, 2:21.
Volek JS, Sharman MJ, Forsythe CE: Modification of lipoproteins by very low-carbohydrate diets. J Nutr 2005, 135(6):1339-1342.
Westman EC: Is dietary carbohydrate essential for human nutrition? Am J Clin Nutr 2002, 75(5):951-953; author reply 953-954.
Yancy WS, Jr., Foy M, Chalecki AM, Vernon MC, Westman EC: A low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet to treat type 2 diabetes. Nutr Metab (Lond) 2005, 2:34.
Allick G, Bisschop PH, Ackermans MT, Endert E, Meijer AJ, Kuipers F, Sauerwein HP, Romijn JA: A low-carbohydrate/high-fat diet improves glucoregulation in type 2 diabetes mellitus by reducing postabsorptive glycogenolysis. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2004, 89(12):6193-6197.
Dashti HM, Mathew TC, Khadada M, Al-Mousawi M, Talib H, Asfar SK, Behbahani AI, Al-Zaid NS: Beneficial effects of ketogenic diet in obese diabetic subjects. Mol Cell Biochem 2007.
Dreon DM, Fernstrom HA, Campos H, Blanche P, Williams PT, Krauss RM: Change in dietary saturated fat intake is correlated with change in mass of large low-density-lipoprotein particles in men. Am J Clin Nutr 1998, 67(5):828-836.
Feinman RD, Volek JS: Low carbohydrate diets improve atherogenic dyslipidemia even in the absence of weight loss. Nutr Metab (Lond) 2006, 3:24.
Garg A, Bantle JP, Henry RR, Coulston AM, Griver KA, Raatz SK, Brinkley L, Chen YD, Grundy SM, Huet BA et al: Effects of varying carbohydrate content of diet in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Jama 1994, 271(1:1421-1428.
Layman DK, Boileau RA, Erickson DJ, Painter JE, Shiue H, Sather C, Christou DD: A reduced ratio of dietary carbohydrate to protein improves body composition and blood lipid profiles during weight loss in adult women. J Nutr 2003, 133(2):411-417. Mozaffarian D, Rimm EB, Herrington DM: Dietary fats, carbohydrate, and progression of coronary atherosclerosis in postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr 2004, 80(5):1175-1184.
Nielsen JV, Joensson EA: Low-carbohydrate diet in type 2 diabetes. Stable improvement of bodyweight and glycaemic control during 22 months follow-up. Nutr Metab (Lond) 2006, 3(1):22.
Reaven GM: Effect of dietary carbohydrate on the metabolism of patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Nutr Rev 1986, 44(2):65-73.
Wow, Sandy. Thanks so much. And a couple of articles go back to 1986 and 1994! So, again, the question is why does the ADA still promote the food pyramid?
There's a good trail of these studies that go back to the 70's- I was trying to stick to more current titles in my argument. I find it just amazing how people can continue to live with their heads buried in the sand despite a growing body of evidence. As for the ADA, a good percentage of their funding comes from drug companies- it's in their best interest to keep us addicted. I'm sure that's cynical-but they do not seem to be interested in advertising and pushing low/lower carb eating and exercise as a good solution to sugar control. sandy
Fantastic, Sandy, thanks a million for putting that list together. I'm taking the low-carb side in a Diabetes UK debate next month here in Edinburgh and I'll certainly take a look at as many of those references as I can before then. It should be quite spirited as well!
I think a large part of the suspicion surrounding the low-carb idea is as a result of the lack of coverage our side of the argument is given in the media. The low-fat myth is perpetrated wherever you seem to look, to the point at which our argument seems almost counter-intuitive. Even on this forum I found a lot of suspicion about it when I first joined. A lot less these days though, so perhaps our time will come!
All the best,