School project due and I am going with Epilepsy

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Daisy9980
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Date Joined Sep 2004
Total Posts : 775
   Posted 10/10/2005 10:36 AM (GMT -7)   
I have a school project due next month in A & P.  We were supposed to pick a body system and a pathophysiology of it.  Also a treatment for the pathophysiology of it. 
 
I went to borders to look at there books to get ideas.  The page I open is on Epilepsy.  SO that it what I went with.  It has to be 5-10 minutes orally and 3-5 pages typed DS.  I have got a good outline for the whole project, it is already 4 pages typed.  I wish I could share it with you.  I have it as a word document and don't know how to link up. 
 
Anyway does anyone have any neat factual ideal that I should include in the project.  I am excited about this because I will get to educate a room of 20 people about a condition that most of them don't know that I have. :-)
 
Take care Tracy
 25 years old
Nursing Student


Daisy9980
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Date Joined Sep 2004
Total Posts : 775
   Posted 10/11/2005 4:12 AM (GMT -7)   
I need you emails to send them. IT is a very rough draft right now. But I am still proud of it. Tracy
 25 years old
Nursing Student


Daisy9980
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Date Joined Sep 2004
Total Posts : 775
   Posted 10/14/2005 4:22 AM (GMT -7)   
Thanks for your support guys!
 25 years old
Nursing Student


kayakmom
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Date Joined Jul 2003
Total Posts : 585
   Posted 10/14/2005 10:47 AM (GMT -7)   
Great work tracy! got it! Looks great.....Keep up the good work!
G

Post Edited (kayakmom) : 10/16/2005 9:26:55 PM (GMT-6)


Daisy9980
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Date Joined Sep 2004
Total Posts : 775
   Posted 10/14/2005 12:01 PM (GMT -7)   
Hi G just sent it to you now. I am off to work in a little bit... I hope you enjoy! Tracy
 25 years old
Nursing Student


Alato
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Date Joined Oct 2005
Total Posts : 5
   Posted 10/14/2005 2:55 PM (GMT -7)   
Great idea Daisy! Good work...When I was in school i did it also. If I remenber well I spoke about epiletic Kids in class...I don`t know what`s your point of vew... but if you need some elements fron Portugal ...just tell me

I hope undestood well what are you going to do :-)
Congratulations...

Daisy9980
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Date Joined Sep 2004
Total Posts : 775
   Posted 10/14/2005 3:52 PM (GMT -7)   
It isn't to large? If you think others would like to read it then I will. Let me know. Tracy
 25 years old
Nursing Student


Daisy9980
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Date Joined Sep 2004
Total Posts : 775
   Posted 10/14/2005 5:13 PM (GMT -7)   
THIS IS THE FIRST DRAFT AND VERY ROUGH.  ALL MATERIAL REFERENCED OUTOF TWO DIFFERENT PUBLISHED BOOKS

 

Pathophysiology: Epilepsy of Nervous System

 

 

This report is on epilepsy also known as a seizure disorder.  This is a brain condition

 

characterized by more then two seizures.  These seizures are events associated with

 

abnormal electrical discharges of neurons in the brain.  Discharges can trigger

 

convulsions, alter level of consciousness and interrupt sensations.  This disorder affects

 

any person,  any age, any race.  about 2.5 million people live with epilepsy.  It is most

 

common for this disorder to start in childhood in many cases.  about 80% of patients on

 

meds have good seizure control.  Diet, exercise, and rest play a big role in keeping

 

healthy and seizure free.

 

 

 

A group of neurons become affected and stimulated during a seizure.. These neurons are

 

hypersensitive and are easily triggered in response to the cellular environment.  The

 

neurons become triggered and start to fire abnormally.  This is when the seizure occurs. 

 

It is all just misfiring of brain waves. 

 

 

 

There are many reasons for people to have seizure disorders.  about half of the cases are

 

idiopathic, meaning there are of unknown origin.  The other 50% can be from strokes,

 

brain tumors, encephalitis, brain lesions, cysts, infections, being febrile, brain injuries

 

 like a Motor Vehicle Accident.

 

 

 

 

 

There are so many kinds of seizures.  When you say the word seizure people always think

 

of someone foaming at the mouth, convulsing on the floor and being incontinent.  But

 

that is only one kind of seizure.  It is most easily recognized due to the blatantly obvious

 

motions.  Here are a few examples of different kinds of seizures.

 

 

 

Generalized Tonic Clonic.  This is the most widely recognized seizure.  It will normally 

 

begin with a loud cry.  This cry is the lungs expelling the air within as it spasms.   The

 

patient will fall to the ground and they loose consciousness.  The body will then stiffen. 

 

This is the Tonic Phase.  Then it will spasm, or convulse.  This is the Clonic

 

Phase.  Cyanosis can occur due to lack of oxygen.  Incontinence, tongue biting and

 

labored breathing are all associated with Tonic Clonic seizures.  Generally the duration of

 

a Tonic Clonic is 2-5 minutes.  Anything after 5 minutes is considered status.  You would

 

then

 

want to call for help if they haven’t come to yet.  This seizure is very hard on the body. 

 

You may experience a post ictal stage for up to a week after the event.

 

 

Absence seizures.  Absence seizures are more common in children.  This seizure starts

 

with a brief change in consciousness.  The patients eyes will blink and have a blank,

 

vacant stare.  Patients appear quite normal.  They retain their body position.  This seizure

 

normally lasts anywhere from 1-10 seconds.  They are so quick the patient doesn’t

 

always know they are having them.  These can occur up to one hundred times a day. 

 

They can easily generalize (spread) into a Tonic Clonic.  Most often teachers or parents

 

mistake these seizure for “day dreaming” or “staring into space”.  They may mistake it

 

for a lack of attention, not realizing it is a seizure. 

 

 

 

 

Partial Seizures.  There are two types of partial seizures.  Complex & Simple.  Both you

 

do not loose total consciousness.  There come from one area of the brain.  Can easily

 

generalize.  There partials have an altered state of consciousness.  People may tug at their

 

clothes a lot during this.  They may pick at their skin and smack their lips.  People can

 

carry out functions during these seizures.  Functions like walking and talking.  The

 

patient may not make much sense because a part of the brain is seizing at that time. 

 

These partial include auras.  They are simple partials in themselves.  They can give you

 

an unusual taste in your mouth.  Give you a dreamy feeling, nausea, a sinking feeling,

 

déjà vu.

 

 

 

Sensory Seizures.  Sensory seizure symptoms include flashing lights, tingling sensations,

 

vertigo, hallucinations, déjà vu, smelling foul odors.  Smelling odors of something

 

burning like wood or fire.

 

 

 

Diagnostic tests include MRI and CT Scan.  Both rule out tumors or lesions on the brain. 

 

EEG’s are most common to find the focal (trigger) points in the brain.  EEG shows the

 

abnormalities of the neurons misfiring.  There are many kinds of EEG’s.  You must have

 

a seizure while hooked up for it to show in the recording.  Some seizure activity occurs so

 

deep within the brain that they aren’t picked up by the electrodes on the scalp.  Other

 

diagnostic tests are serum chemistries and other blood work.  Possible Skull X-Ray if

 

necessary.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Treatments include Drug Therapy.  During drug therapy you med levels have to be

 

checked through blood work you make sure you are having a therapeutic dosage.  Drug

 

therapy can help control the frequency and control or prevent reoccurrence of future

 

seizures. The drug chose is specific to the patients seizure disorder.  It depends on what

 

lobe in the brain is misfiring and why.  Neurologists or Epiliptologists generally know

 

which drug works best for each type of seizure.  Sometimes they need to put the patient

 

on a cocktail of meds to get them controlled.  You must patient educate.  You must

 

explain the side effects of these meds and warn about alcoholic beverages.  Refer patients

 

to the Epilepsy Foundations Association or Support groups in town or online. 

 

 

 

 


 25 years old
Nursing Student


Daisy9980
Veteran Member


Date Joined Sep 2004
Total Posts : 775
   Posted 10/14/2005 6:41 PM (GMT -7)   
Well, it isn't due until Nov 23rd so I have some time to get it finished. But I will definately update you if you really want me to :) I am so glad to be able to do a project in school that will mean so much to me. I guess I kind of lucked out.
 25 years old
Nursing Student


kayakmom
Veteran Member


Date Joined Jul 2003
Total Posts : 585
   Posted 10/16/2005 8:27 PM (GMT -7)   
Great work! Have a good week at school!
G
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