Post Edited (apple92681) : 4/23/2009 2:34:13 PM (GMT-6)
Post Edited (TalktomeHIV) : 6/22/2007 2:30:26 PM (GMT-6)
SOME COMMON QUESTIONS ASKED OF COUNSELORS AT HIV/STI CLINICS:
Can one get infected with hiv through a sewing needle that may have pierced someone else but does not have a visible blood.?
HIV can be spread through a sewing needle, but the blood on the needle would have to be fairly fresh, like less than a couple minutes old. HIV dies rapidly outside the human body and normally by the time blood is dry, HIV is dead.
I licked the stomach of a male friend after he ejaculated , so his sperm got in my mouth after he came. How risky was this?
Unless you had an open, bleeding sore or cut in your mouth, your risk of getting HIV from the encounter you describe is as close to zero as you can get without it being zero. Any virus in the semen that may have made it's way to your stomach when you swallowed would be killed by digestive juices.
A prostitute gave me oral sex (unprotected) then we had protected vaginal sex. about two weeks later I woke up with an agonizing headache, a temperature, and diarrhea. I was tested a month or so later. (or a quick). They said that under my circumstances I had nothing to worry about and that it was probably some infection. The results were negative. The symptoms went away for like a week and they returned about two weeks ago. I feel exhausted and I get a fever for most of the day.
The OraQuick test is very reliable. 96% of people who get infected with HIV will develop detectable antibodies by day 30 after infection. There are a small number (less than 1% of those infected) of people who won't test positive for up to three months after infection, but the odds are that you did not become infected. Oral sex is low-risk for infection anyway, and the risk is greater for the partner giving oral sex. If you used a condom, and put it on before there was any chance of body fluid exchange, and it didn't break or slip off, there is very little risk of getting HIV. Again, the risk is greater for the partner receiving the body fluid, not the insertive partner. You may have mononucleosis, or some other viral illness not related to the sexual encounter you describe.
How reliable are oral hiv test? The ones that use a small sample of saliva collected with a cotton swab. I always thought they needed a sample of blood.
Oral swab tests are just as accurate as blood tests, although there may be a slighlty higher incidence of false positives or indeterminate results. Oral tests actually use fluid from cheek cells that are broken open during the swabbing process. Saliva itself contains no HIV or HIV antibodies. Antibodies are what the test are actually looking for.
How long do you have to wait for antibodies to be picked up by the oral tests? is it the same as the oraquick blood tests? I took mine at five and a half weeks, do you think the results are accurate [sic]?
Around 96% of people who become infected with HIV will show the antibodies on the oral (and blood) tests by day 30 after infection. By six weeks, 99% of people will have the antibodies that can be picked up by testing, and by 3 months, the rate is 100%. As you can see, the odds are great that if you had been infected, you would have tested positive at the five and a half week mark. In general, one should wait six weeks for an antibody test.
Does menstrual blood transmit HIV?. I have used a condom but got some menstrual blood on the top area of the penis ( on the penis skin ). After the contact I washed my penis with water and soap.
Menstrual blood may have a relatively high concentration of HIV in it, as does any blood from an infected person. Therefore, you were exposed to both vaginal secretions and blood. However, your risk is still low, since you used a condom (hopefully latex or polyurethane!). As long as the skin where you got the blood on was not irritated or have open sores of some kind, your risk is still low. If the blood had gotten on the tip of the penis, where the opening is, your risk would be a little higher, since any virus in the blood would have entrance into the body through that opening.
I just read in an article that HIV concentration in vaginal fluids is very small, about the same concentration that is in saliva. Is this true? How high or how low is the concentration of the HIV virus in vaginal fluids? Why? Thank you for your time and answers.
The concentration of HIV in body fluids can vary from individual to individual, and from one day to another for each individual. In general, vaginal fluid concentration is lower than in semen or breast milk, and all are lower than blood concentrations. While there is known to be a small amount of the virus found in saliva, the concentration is far too low to allow transmission. The virus must be present in sufficient quantities to allow transmission--an occasional viral cell in a body fluid is not enough. The virus infects mainly certain kinds of immune system cells, and there are very few of these in saliva.
How long would it take for a Viral Load Test to show presence of HIV after infection? I know this procedure is not recommended for diagnosis of HIV infection, but it is said it can detect the presence of the virus long before any test, but how long after infection? Thank you for your answers.
As you say, it is not recommended for diagnosis, since it is a very sensitive test, and may produce false positives. That being said, VL tests may be able to detect genetic material from HIV within a few days of becoming infected. Again, even if the VL test would show genetic material, it is not diagnostic. ELISA and Western Blot testing must confirm it.
It is my understanding that an HIV Viral Load Test can detect HIV presence in just a few days but could it detect it 10 days after infection? With what degree of accuracy? Why? Also, in some answers it has been stated that HIV transmission from female to male during vaginal sex is very rare, why is that? Under what conditions could an HIV infected female could transmit the virus to a male during vaginal sex? Thank you for your answers.
Viral load tests actually are detecting the presence of the rNA or DNA contained in the virus, while screening tests test for antibodies developed by a person's body to fight the virus. It takes about a month for the body to develop antibodies detectable on testing, but the viral DNA is detectable within days of infection. Female to male transmission is rare because female sexual fluids have less of the virus in general, because the male is not exposed to the female body fluids for as long as females are exposed to ejaculated semen in the female vagina, and because the surface area of possible exposure for females (vaginal lining) is much greater than the possible exposure area for males (urethral opening at the tip of the penis.)
Can you get HIV from semen from an HIV+ person coming into contact with the skin on the inside of the thigh? Can you get it from just rubbing and touching? What if the guy touched his penis then fingered me?
Unless his body fluid (semen or blood) came into contact with your genital area, or an open cut or sore on your skin, there is no risk of HIV in the encounter you describe. It takes direct contact (with a fluid capable of spreading the virus) with a mucous membrane or open wound to transmit HIV.
I am a mechanic, and had a slight cut on my finger from the previous day. You can still obviously see the cut, but is not bleeding. What are the odds of receiving hiv through this cut, if i had fingered this girl??
The odds of getting HIV from vaginal fluid are not high, in any case, and if the cut wasn't actively bleeding, or gaping open, then your risk is absolutely minimal.
I had vaginal intercourse one time with a certain female (I'm male). Two months the encounter, she had a negative ELISA test, and I had a negative HIV viral load test 10 days after the sex. How reliable are these tests-can there be false negatives on the ELISA? Are all ELISA tests the same? Do I need re-testing to be sure I don't have HIV? I have not had any risky behavior since that once. Also, is a mild sore throat that comes and goes a sign of HIV?
The ELISA tests are all very much the same and use the same procedure and technology. They are very reliable, especially more than six weeks after a person has had risky behavior and the possibility of infection. It is extremely unlikely that your female partner would have been infected at the time of intercourse if her test was negative 2 months after the encounter. A mild sore thorat that comes and goes is not an indication of HIV.
I am diabetic. A couple of days ago a friend asked me to test his blood glucose and I did (tested on the forearm). An hour later (61 mins to be exact) I tested mine but forgot to change the lancet. I don't know his history and wondered if there is any chance of anything being passed on this way. Thanks.
Hepatitis or HIV could be passed by blood-to-blood contact such as you describe. There is a much higher risk of passing hepatitis with an exposure like you describe, as it survives longer outside the human body than HIV. Test anytime after six weeks for HIV and anytime after three months for Hepatitis.
I am thinking about going to get an OraQuick mouth swab test after performing unprotected oral on a woman (I am a man). However, I just developed a mouth sore on the upper right gums. This is the exact same area that they tell you to swab your mouth during the OraQuick test. I like to know if swabbing over this mouth sore will somehow make the test less accurate. I have read some reports of false positives. Or if I avoid this area but swab other parts of my mouth will the test collect enough material for the Oraquick test to be accurate?
In my clinic, we have the client swab in a circle all around the mouth between the cheek and the gum. I would advise you to wait until the sore is pretty much healed, although it really shouldn't make a difference on the test. The test looks for antibodies to HIV, and rubbing over a sore shouldn't change the results.
Hello, about two weeks ago I had sex with a escort who came to my hotel room. So, she wasn't a street walker or anything like that. We had vaginal intercourse with a condom and during that the condom slipped off. After about 20 seconds I noticed the condom had come off so I put another one on. After intercourse in which the whole session was about 5 minutes, there was some blood on the condom and I asked her about it and she said she thought she was over her period but must not have been. Actually, it was more like clots than menstrual blood. The sight of the blood freaked me out and I immediately took a shower and washed my genital area with soap and water. Needless to say, I have been freaked out over the incident since there was blood involved and the condom came off. I talked to her about her HIV status and such and she said she gets tested every three months and seemed to be very knowledgable about it in general but I don't know how much of that to believe. So, my question is how worried should I be? Thanks in advance.
Your risk is still small, as you don't know if she had it, and if she was HIV positive, your exposure was still limited by the fact that you wore a condom most of the time. Even though you may have had some menstrual blood on the condom, the condom did cover the only avenue of infection for men, the urethral opening at the end of the penis. You may test anytime after six weeks to be sure of your status. Until then, remain abstinent or use condoms for every single encounter.
I had sex with a friend of mine on Oct 25 on the last day of her period (unprotected). I don't know her HIV status. I was tested two days later, and she was tested after 1 week; both were negative. I had protected sex with her 7 more times. I was re-tested on the 16th and 17th weeks (after the unprotected sex i had);both were negative . Should I have further testing?
No. Any negative antibody test after six weeks is confirmatory. If your sexual activity was protected in the meantime, you have nothing to worry about.
I had sex with a sex worker on Oct 4th 2006. As I pulled out the condom fell off my penis. I put the condom back on and continued to have intercourse. ( my penis was never inside her without a condom.) about three weeks after the incident I was really tired and had many headaches. I also had flu like symptoms (no swollen lymph node, no fever, no rash,). What are my chances of being infected with HIV?
It is extremely unlikely you would have gotten HIV from the encounter, as you were not exposed to the sex worker's body fluids.
Two years ago, I had a few sexual encounters with someone that involved him being inside me, thrusting for about 1 minute. He didn't maintain an erection and didn't cum inside me. I had no idea at the time he was HIV+. What are the chances of me getting HIV from this, and should I get tested?
You don't say if you are male or female. The likelihood of your getting HIV from the encounters you describe may be greater if you were a male receiving anal sex, as the tissue in that area is more likely to be irritated or tear, thus involving a possible exposure of your blood to his body fluids. In either case, whether you’re male or female, the fact that he didn't ejaculate inside you decreases your risk, although the pre-ejaculatory fluid that is released prior to ejaculation may also contain a trace amount of virus. The likelihood of your getting the infection ranges from 1 in a thousand to one in 10,000 depending on what kind of sex you were having. In any case, I would recommend testing, as you have been exposed to a known HIV positive individual (if he was HIV+ at the time you were together.)
Can HIV be transmitted through dried blood? My bf cut himself with a sharp kitchen tool at work, and if someone who was HIV+ cut themselves on the same tool earlier, would by bf have been exposed? What would the risk be?
HIV is not transmitted via dried blood, especially through an inanimate object. The virus does not survive outside the human body for more than a very few minutes and dies rapidly upon exposure to light and air. I do not recommend testing for your boyfriend.
Hi, I had a manicure done in last Dec. Unfortunately I was cut by the cuticle cutter and there was considerable bleeding. I then noticed that the instrument was placed back without cleaning, and used from customer to customer. I am terribly worried that I might get any infectious diseases this way (especially HIV), if it so happens that it cuts someone just before me who is positive. At week 6, I developed cold and a lot of phelgm which caused me to lose my voice. All these go down in a few days, however, my swollen lymph nodes at the neck persists still, as diagnosed by the doctor. How possible is it that I might get infected with HIV in this manner? To ease my anxiety, I had a test done after 6 weeks, and it was negative. However, I am still worried, since I had taken several courses of antibiotics since the exposure. Does medications affect or delay the window period in any case? Or can I be sure of my 6 week test results? Please advise!
You are HIV negative, as a six-week test is conclusive. In addition, HIV does not survive outside the human body for more than a minute or so. In order for the possibility of transmission to have been likely, the person would have had to have been cut in the few minutes right before you were, in order to have fresh, wet blood on the scissors. Medication will not affect the window period of the virus showing up in the tests.
I recently had an encounter with 2 women. 1 of the ladies started to finger the other one, and then stuck her finger in my ass. As I was very drunk during this encounter, I do not know the amount of time between the other girls vagina and my ass. I'm worried that there could still have been vaginal fluid on her finger as it went into my ass. I do not know if they are HIV+ or not. What are the chances that if there were fluids on her fingers, and she was positive, that I am now infected?
It is extremely unlikely that you would be infected from the encounter you describe. It is unlikely the woman was infected with HIV in the first place, and if she was, the amount of virus in vaginal fluid tends to be fairly low, although it can vary widely from person to person, and from time to time in the same person. It is also rare for the virus to be transmitted via skin surfaces from one person to anothe person through a third party. If there was no blood involved, there is very little risk of getting HIV in the way you describe.
I went to dentist , and I noticed little bleeding from my gum , next day I kissed deep French kissing a stripper, this was after 24-30 hours from dentist visit, what is the possibility to get HIV ?
It would be very unlikely to get HIV from this encounter. Your gums were mostly likley healed by then, and deep French kissing is not a usual way of passing HIV. HIV is not transmitted by saliva, so the French stripper would have had to have the virus, and also an open bleeding mouth sore or wound, in order to have passed it on.