Susceptibility to type 1 diabetes is partly inherited,because the risk of type 1 is 6% in a person belonging to a family where type 1 exists.In genetically identical twins, the risk rises to 36%.Thus genetic pre-disposition accounts for 1/3 of susceptibility to type 1.
Viruses have also been implicated.Numerous viruses target the insulin producing cells,called the beta cells in the pancreas,by triggering an auto-immune attack against them.Mumps causing virus is one example!Coxsackie virus has been found to trigger type 1 diabetes in mice.12 to 20% of individuals infected by Rubella virus while in the uterus(foetus),develop type 1 diabetes within 5 to 20 years after birth.Cytomegalovirus belonging to the Herpes family is another strong candidate virus:un-noticed infection in childhood is implicated.
Environmental(non-genetic)agents, investigated are chemicals,Cow milk protein and Wheat gluten.Most of the evidence is indirect.By far the most ivestigated diet component is cow milk protein.Exposure to cow's milk early in life has been linked to the development of type 1 diabetes.Thus lack of breast-feeding and early exposure to milk-powder based diets can precipitate diabetes in "susceptible"individuals.I will discuss wheat protein implication as the discussion progresses.
Excitingly,supplementation of Vit.D3 in the diet has been shown to reduce the incidence of type 1,in a study across 7 centers in Europe.The study has warned that even a single overdose can be very toxic to the child!
Finally,STRESS in children,like severe life events may be a major risk factor (in childhood),but not in young adults.
If your blood sugars are not tightly controlled,infections anywhere in the body can occur and are common."Kidney" infections are serious enough,but not serious enough to cause Kidney Disease in the short run.SO, TAKE CARE,DON'T GIVE UP AND KEEP SMILING.kEEP US POSTED about YOUR SUGARS!