Ask away! That's what this forum is for... Besides, as we answer your questions we often help the peeps who are too shy to post. Hope you are starting to get a handle on this whole thing. Give yourself some time. Diabetes education doesn't happen overnight. If it will help I'll give you a quick cheat sheet. Every food is basically one of three things for our diabetic purposes; proteins, fats or carbohydrates. Choosing from the correct forms of food is the easiest way to help your body adjust to its new metabolic needs.
Proteins - Meat, poultry, fish, eggs, cheese, soy/meat substitutes
Fats - Good fats are plant based - nuts, olives, avocadoes, olive oil, peanut butter (without sugar) Fats are necessary for vitamin absorption, healthy skin, and slow down your stomach emptying time thus delaying or offsetting blood sugar spikes from a meal.
Less good fats (but still part of a healthy food plan) animal fats such as bacon, butter, fat as part of meat (sausages and hot dogs). You can see the % of fat in a processed meat by reading the chart on the package. Some hot dogs are 100 calories each and the number of calories from fat may be 90 so that hot dog is 90% fat and for our purposes not classified as a meat but as a fat.
Carbohydrates - Plant based starches and sugars, some are very good and some not so good. One animal carb - milk - I will cover separately.
Good Carbs include all brightly colored vegetables, greens & spinach, winter squashes, tomatoes, all your salad veggies, mushrooms, and most brightly colored fruits as well, strawberries, cantalope, pineapple, kiwi, oranges and apples & bananas. Some fruits like pears and grapes have high sugar and low food value and should be used less.
Anything made from grain, sugar or tubers (potato family) is very high carbohydrate and more difficult for diabetics to metabolize. Overweight Type2's should use very little or none of the breads, cereals, crackers, pastas, baked goods and candy-type carbs in their everyday food plan. Meat roll-ups can be made with raw spinach or collard green leaves. Same with tacos. Lasagna can be made with meat, tomato sauce, cheeses and greens in place of noodles. By putting vegetable carbs in place of starchy carbs you add vitamins and fiber and lower after meal blood sugar spikes.
We have different names for this type of food plan and knowing how food is made will help you decide if it's good for your plan or not. I am simplifying here for illustrative purposes.
Cave people food plan - Only eat foods that could be found and eaten by a cave person. This eliminates most processed foods, snacks, alcohols and pastas. It makes your choices basically meats & fish, vegetables (canned or frozen is ok), nuts (and nut oils) and fruits. Obviously a cave person would be unable to produce cheetos or snickers or soda pop so it's easy to see that those foods are off limits. (I use diet sodas, the choice is yours.)
Nothing white except cauliflower food plan - Remove from your food plan any food that is basically white such as milk, flour, sugar, potatoes, corn, rice and all foods made from them. Milk is high in lactose (a milk sugar) and can raise your blood sugar. Better to eat cheese with the proteins and fats of milk but not the sugars.
Once you start on a food plan you need to see the results of your efforts in frequent blood sugar testing. By frequent I mean each morning's fasting results and a two hour post-prandial (a reading taken two hours after the start of a meal). The morning number tells you how your body is reacting to no food for eight or more hours. The two hour pp tells you how your body is handling a food load and if it's efficiently putting the carbohydrates from the veggies & fruit into the cells of your body where it is needed. This will help you identify which foods are very good for you and your blood glucose and which ones you can only have once in a while.
Hope this helps.
~ Jeannie, Forum Moderator/Diabetes & Fibromyalgia
~Please remember that 50% of all doctors graduated in the bottom half of their class! Yours may be one of them...
"People are like stained glass windows: They sparkle and shine when the sun's out, but when the darkness sets in, their true beauty is revealed only if there is light within."
- Elizabeth Kubler-Ross