Naproxen Warning Unjustified, Say FDA Experts
Report Linking Aleve to Heart Attacks Unnecessarily Scared Public
By Todd Zwillich
WebMD Medical News
Reviewed By Michael Smith, MD
on Thursday, February 18, 2005
Feb. 18, 2005 - A report last year that linked the pain killer naproxen to heart attacks unnecessarily scared the public, experts charged Friday.
FDA advisory panel members reviewing the safety of the arthritis drug Vioxx and similar drugs accused National Institutes of Health officials of acting irresponsibly when they stopped a study testing the drugs Celebrex and naproxen in preventing Alzheimer's disease.Celebrex and naproxen in preventing Alzheimer's disease. Naproxen is sold under many brand names, including Aleve and Naprosyn.
The NIH halted the trial, called ADAPT, after data suggested that naproxen raised the risk of heart attack and stroke in study patients.
An earlier study showed that Celebrex had similar risks.
NIH Director Elias A. Zerhouni, MD, released a statement saying that the trial was being stopped "as a precautionary measure to ensure the safety of the study's participants" and that the researchers made their decision based on the risk/benefit analysis specific to this trial.
Naproxen's Risks Questioned
But one ADAPT researcher told the panel Friday that naproxen's effect on heart risk was "barely significant" and that the study was not stopped because of safety concerns. Instead, officials halted the trial because of a concern that questions on the safety of Vioxx and related drugs would make study participants reluctant to take their medications and damage the integrity of the study.
"There seemed little practical choice but to do so," said Constantine Lyketsos, MD, a Johns Hopkins University researcher who was part of the ADAPT study team. Some study patients had already begun to resist taking their drugs, and study directors became fearful that patients would "vote with their feet" and stop participating altogether.
"We feared further erosion" of the study, he said.
Lyketsos also said that study leaders faced an ethical dilemma of continuing with an Alzheimer's prevention study with no expected immediate benefit to patients, given possible safety concerns with Celebrex, Vioxx, and similar drugs, called Cox-2 inhibitors.
FDA experts harshly criticized the NIH's announcement, saying that it potentially scared millions of naproxen patients despite some pervious data suggesting that the drug may actually be safer for the heart than Cox-2 drugs.
Studies have suggested that naproxen may carry a lower heart risk than Cox-2 drugs, but researchers remain unsure of its heart safety since it has never been tested against a placebo.
The announcement "had the effect that was the equivalent of screaming 'fire' in a crowded auditorium," said Steven Nissen, MD, a panel member and medical director of The Cleveland Clinic.
Nissen said he and other cardiologists were forced to field calls from hundreds of frightened patients who had read media reports of naproxen's dangers.
"It caused a panic that was unnecessary, and it shouldn't have happened, and I hope it doesn't happen again," said Nissen. "We can't do business this way."
Don't panic. It is safer than a lot of other drugs, although I have negative reactions to it. Also, saying something increases risk of heart attack has to be taken in perspective.
If a segment of the population has a 1% risk of having a heart attack, and that risk is increased by 50%, they still have only a 1.5% risk of heart attack.
Each day is a gift, make every one count.