If you have worked enough months to qualify for SSDI, here is some information:
The SSA doesn’t set forth exact guidelines that must be met in order to qualify for disability due to migraines. However, it is possible to be approved for disability based on a migraine diagnosis. To do so, you must prove to the SSA that your migraines affect your level of functioning to the point where you cannot perform basic work activities on a regular basis.
For the SSA to deem you unable to work, you must experience significant limitations in things like concentrating, understanding instructions, dealing with others, lifting, walking, and standing. The SSA will take into consideration the frequency of your headaches and how often you would need to miss work due to your migraines. Last, the SSA will also consider any other conditions you have that further limit your ability to work (for example, if you have a shoulder injury that prevents you from lifting heavy items).
When you apply for disability, the SSA evaluates your ability to perform any type of full-time employment. This means that even if you can prove that you are unable to do your previous work due to your migraines, if the SSA determines that there is another type of work that you could perform, your disability claim will be denied.
When making the disability determination, the SSA will consider your age, level of education, and your past employment (called your "vocational factors") in addition to the limitations caused by your migraines to see whether there is other work you could learn to do. In general, it is easier to get approved for disability if you are over the age of 50, have little education, and a history of unskilled work.
If you don't have sufficient work history for SSDI, you would be looking at SSI, and it depends on the above plus family income. Both of these applications would be through the Social Security office or website.
If you're not in the US, someone else may be able to help. Also, a few states have some state benefits, so check on these.
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