In the T classification system there are 4 T Categories described below. A biopsy pathology report only gives the Gleason score
"There are 4 categories for describing the local extent of the prostate tumor, ranging from T1 to T4. Most of these have subcategories as well.
T1: Your doctor can't feel the tumor or see it with imaging such as transrectal ultrasound.
T1a: The cancer is found incidentally during a transurethral resection of the prostate (often abbreviated as TURP) that was done for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Cancer is present in less than 5% of the tissue removed.
T1b: The cancer is found during a TURP but is present in more than 5% of the tissue removed.
T1c: The cancer is found by needle biopsy that was done because of an increased PSA.
T2: Your doctor can feel the cancer when a digital rectal exam (DRE) is done, but it still appears to be confined to the prostate gland.
T2a: The cancer is in one half or less of only one side (left or right) of your prostate.
T2b: The cancer is in more than half of only one side (left or right) of your prostate.
T2c: The cancer is in both sides of your prostate.
T3: The cancer has begun to spread outside your prostate and may involve the seminal vesicles.
T3a: The cancer extends outside the prostate but not to the seminal vesicles.
T3b: The cancer has spread to the seminal vesicles.
T4: The cancer has spread to tissues next to your prostate (other than the seminal vesicles), such as the bladder sphincter (muscle that helps control urination), the rectum, and/or the wall of the pelvis. "
From American Cancer Society
Age 59 PSA 2.6 PSA velocity quadrupled in 1 yr
1 of 12 biopsy cores positive (5%)
Open surgery June 2006 Cancer confined to one small area of the prostate Gleason 5
Post-op PSA's non-detectable