If there was seminal vesicile invasion there is a high probability of lymphnode involvement. The lymphnodes sampled during surgery are not the lympnodes that are most likely to be involved through seminal vessicle invasion as there are two lymphatic paths that PC can take. Most doctors don't know this as it was just discovered in a large study just released in Germany and Holland. You didn't mention his pre surgery PSA or his Gleason grade or % involvement. All of these have a bearing on what his next steps should be.
I would definately be looking for another opinion from a good prostate oncologist as he is better able to guide you through your next steps. You must determine if the PC is still contained in order to have an effective salvage treatment or your Dad will just add to his side affects without any befefits. From what you have discribed salvage radiation will have a very low probability of success.
64 years old.
PSA rising for 10 years to 40, free psa 10-15. Had 5 urologists, 12 biopsies and MRIS all neg. Doctors DXed BPH and continue to get biopsies yearly. 13th biopsy positive in 10-08, 2 cores of 25, G6 less than 5%. Scheduled for surgery as recommended by Urological Oncologist.
2nd Opinion from Dr Sholtz, a Prostate Oncologist, said DX wrong, pathology shows indolant cancer, but psa history indicates large cancer or metastasis. Futher tests and Color Doppler confirmed large transition zone tumor that 13 biopsies and MRIS missed. G7, 4+3, approx 16mmX18mm.
Combidex MRI in Holland eliminated lymphnode mets. Casodex and Proscar reduced psa to 0.6 and prostate from 60mm to 32mm. Changed diet, no meat and dairy. All staging tests indicate that tumor is local and non agressive. (PAP, PCA3, MRIS, Color Doppler, Combidex, tumor reaction to diet and Casodex, and tumor location in transition zone). Surgery a poor option because tumor is located next to the urethea and positive margin is very likely; permanent incontenance is also high probability with surgery.
Seed implants on 5-19-09, 3 hours door to door, no pain, minor side affects are frequency and urgency; very controlable with Flowmax and lasted 4 weeks. Daily activities resumed day after implants with no restrictions. Gold markers implanted with seeds to guide IMRT.
25 treatments of IMRT 6 weeks after seed implants. No side affects at all.
PSA at end of treatment 0.02 mostly the result of Casodex. When I stop Casodex next week expect PSA to rise. Next PSA in November. Treatments and side affects have greatly exceeded my expectations. Glad to have this 11 year journey finally conclude.