That's according to the article below, which compares the time it took for the development of vaccines for things like chicken pox, influenza, and rotavirus to the eleven months it took to get the COVID vaccines.
And it looks like eleven months is 100-yard-dash sprinter speed compared to the times it took for those other things.
From the article:"Vaccines typically take at least a decade to develop, test and manufacture. Both the chickenpox vaccine and FluMist, which protects against several strains of the influenza virus, took 28 years to develop. It took 15 years to develop a vaccine for human papilloma virus, which can cause six kinds of cancer. It also took 15 years to develop a vaccine for rotavirus, which commonly causes severe, watery diarrhea. It took Jonas Salk six years to develop and test the first polio vaccine, starting with the isolation of the virus. The Pfizer-BioNTech and the Moderna COVID-19 messenger RNA vaccines, by contrast, have been developed in less than a year. That’s a game-changer."
The article then goes on to detail some of the biological and chemical factors (and some of them are a bit technical, at least for me) that made it possible to achieve the vaccines in record time.
Also rather interesting is the account of how research-versus-manufacturing priorities were balanced during development:"... the pharmaceutical companies launched at-risk manufacturing – which means that the manufactured vaccine doses would be thrown away if the vaccine was ineffective or unsafe – during the FDA-mandated two-month safety waiting period ... The upside is that if the vaccine is safe and effective, it can be distributed immediately, and vaccination can begin."
And despite record development times, the vaccines are safe, the article maintains.
It all made me think of this process as a kind of Manhattan Project for contagion, with unrelenting concentration, and maximum work acceleration, in order to get to the result as quickly as possible.
Another clear benefit of this work is that it sets in place a model for the future, in case, and we certainly hope it never happen, a new pandemic strikes the world, and a similar and immediate research and development project becomes essential.
If it does happen, we'll know we can do it at that time, because we did it now.https://theconversation.com/covid-19-vaccines-were-developed-in-record-time-but-are-these-game-changers-safe-150249