I've heard VSL3 is the only one clinically proven to help (and anecdotally I feel like they help me)...VSL3 DS is a prescription drug so it is sometimes covered. I know United healthcare covers it, but bluecross blue sheild doesn't. Just some personal experience..
VSL#3 has been shown to help with pouchitis (in some smaller studies). It hasn't been shown to help with UC, as far as I know.Here's my source https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3180711/. The abstract talked about
pouchitis as well, so maybe it was a mixed study. But the results only discussed standard UC. Many articles about
it. Also worth noting that not everyone had the same benefit (as expected from any medication.)
In all, 65 patients in the VSL#3 group and 66 patients in the placebo group completed the study. The decrease in ulcerative colitis disease activity index (UCDAI) scores of 50% or more was higher in the VSL#3 group than in the placebo group (63.1 vs. 40.8; per protocol (PP) P=0.010, confidence interval (CI)95% 0.51–0.74; intention to treat (ITT) P=0.031, CI95% 0.47–0.69). Significant results with VSL#3 were recorded in an improvement of three points or more in the UCDAI score (60.5% vs. 41.4% PP P=0.017, CI95% 0.51–0.74; ITT P=0.046, CI95% 0.47–0.69) and in rectal bleeding (PP P=0.014, CI95% 0.46–0.70; ITT P=0.036, CI95% 0.41–0.65), whereas stool frequency (PP P=0.202, CI95% 0.39–0.63; ITT P=0.229, CI95% 0.35–0.57), physician's rate of disease activity (PP P=0.088, CI95% 0.34–0.58; ITT P=0.168, CI95% 0.31–0.53), and endoscopic scores (PP P=0.086, CI95% 0.74–0.92; ITT P=0.366, CI95% 0.66–0.86) did not show statistical differences. Remission was higher in the VSL#3 group than in the placebo group (47.7% vs. 32.4% PP P=0.069, CI95% 0.36–0.60; ITT P=0.132, CI95% 0.33–0.56). Eight patients on VSL#3 (11.2%) and nine patients on placebo (12.3%) reported mild side effects.