Posted 8/13/2021 5:16 PM (GMT -7)
Affecting as many as 30% of patients with Crohn’s or colitis, arthritis, or inflammation of the joints, is the most common extraintestinal complication of IBD. Although arthritis is typically associated with older age, in IBD it often strikes younger patients as well. In addition to joint pain, arthritis also causes swelling of the joints and a reduction in flexibility. Typically arthritis in IBD improves as the intestinal disease symptoms improve.
Common types of arthritis experienced by IBD patients include:
Peripheral arthritis (arthritis typically affecting the large joints of the arms and legs, including the elbows, wrists, knees, and ankles)
Axial arthritis (also known as spondylitis or spondyloarthropathy, this type of arthritis typically affects the lower spine and sacroiliac joints at the bottom of the back)
Ankylosing spondylitis (a more severe form of spinal arthritis, AS is an uncommon complication, affecting between 2% and 3% of people with IBD)