What would one example be of a treatment for an urgent health issue..pick an example and possible treatment if you don't mind sharing.
I was thinking of illness like IBD, pretty much all autoimmune diseases, and also some "mental" illnesses like anxiety, depression, OCD to name a few. To give a hypothetical treatment, let's say, for the autoimmune diseases, hopefully they can actually treat whatever is at the heart of the issue. (As opposed to blanket anti-inflammatory, immune suppression, or steroids). Obviously, the better idea they have of what really causes these autoimmune problems, the more effectively they should be able to treat them.
And for anxiety, depression, OCD, I think it is worthwhile to study the relation of 1. The gut, and 2. Circulating components of the immune system and inflammation. Let's contrast this with the treatment of putting everyone on an SSRI like Prozac or Wellbutrin, or getting them hooked on a drug like Xanax for anxiety.
Obviously "counseling" has it's place in the picture of wellness. As long as it doesn't get to the point where it's simply telling someone with a biological disorder to "walk it off," "be positive," or maybe try an SSRI.
So what I am saying is, I am encouraged with all these new studies I read about, regarding bacteria in the gut, the immune system and relation to mental health. Because I think it can lead to improved treatments, more targeted treatments for many. Maybe these studies can even lead to a better understanding of depression and anxiety themselves. And they may give us a better idea of the operation of the mind and the body, possibly also reducing the stigma of "mental" illness.
But ironically, I guess my main point is, scientists are up against enough in the search for better treatments for these conditions. The last thing we need is to try to fit the data into pre-formed concepts where there is actually ambiguity as to how to interpret the results. Scientists should look for pragmatic solutions, for whatever will work, and think outside the box (medical model). Because the "box" already has many preconceived notions inherent in it. Like the Cartesian mind/body problem.