Osteoarthritis - important information for NEW Members

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stkitt
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Date Joined Apr 2007
Total Posts : 32602
   Posted 1/8/2010 9:16 AM (GMT -7)   
 
So you want to learn about osteoarthritis - here is one of the best links that will provide you with all the basics including diagnosis, symptoms, treatments etc.
 
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/osteoarthritis/DS00019


~~Kitt~~
Moderator: Anxiety, Osteoarthritis,
GERD/Heartburn and Heart/Cardiovascular Disease.

www.healingwell.com

"only as high as I reach can I grow, only as far as I seek can I go, only as deep as I look can I see, only as much as I dream can I be"

Post Edited (stkitt) : 2/19/2012 11:13:50 AM (GMT-7)


stkitt
Forum Moderator


Date Joined Apr 2007
Total Posts : 32602
   Posted 2/19/2012 11:12 AM (GMT -7)   
Welcome to HealingWell's Osteoarthritis forum. We're glad you joined. We ask that you take the time to introduce yourself in a new thread before you begin responding to the topics already in progress. This is easily done. Simply click on the "New Topic" button and the program will open a box for you to post your intro. This will help members see your first post and extend a hand to you. You are always welcome to post responses directly to members but please just avoid tagging your first posts on someone else's extremely old thread.

We thank you in advance and wish you the best.

Kitt and the HealingWell Forum Moderators
~~Kitt~~
Moderator: Anxiety, Osteoarthritis,
GERD/Heartburn and Heart/Cardiovascular Disease.

www.healingwell.com

"only as high as I reach can I grow, only as far as I seek can I go, only as deep as I look can I see, only as much as I dream can I be"

stkitt
Forum Moderator


Date Joined Apr 2007
Total Posts : 32602
   Posted 1/1/2013 2:20 PM (GMT -7)   

What Is AVN?

Avascular necrosis (AVN)
is a disease resulting from the temporary or permanent loss of the blood supply to the bones. Without blood, the bone tissue dies and causes the bone to collapse. If the process involves the bones near a joint, it often leads to collapse of the joint surface. It also is known as:
•osteonecrosis
•aseptic necrosis
•ischemic bone necrosis

Bones Affected

Although it can happen in any bone, AVN most commonly affects the ends (epiphysis) of long bones such as the femur (bone that extends from the knee joint to the hip joint) Other common sites include the:
•upper arm bones
•knees
•shoulders
•ankles
The disease may affect just one bone, more than one bone at the same time, or more than one bone at different times.

Disability

The amount of disability that results from AVN depends on:

•what part of the bone is affected
•how large an area is involved
•how effectively the bone rebuilds itself

The process of bone rebuilding takes place after an injury as well as during normal growth. Normally, bone continuously breaks down and rebuilds, old bone is reabsorbed and replaced with new bone. The process keeps the skeleton strong and helps it to maintain a balance of minerals. In the course of AVN, however, the healing process is usually ineffective and the bone tissues break down faster than the body can repair them.
Untreated

If left untreated, the disease progresses, the bone collapses, and the joint surface breaks down, leading to joint pain and osteoarthritis

Avascular Necrosis Symptoms

In the early stages of avascular necrosis, patients may not have any symptoms. As the disease progresses, however, most patients experience joint pain--at first, only when putting weight on the affected joint, and then even when resting. Pain usually develops gradually and may be mild or severe. If avascular necrosis progresses and the bone and surrounding joint surface collapse, pain may develop or increase dramatically. Pain may be severe enough to limit the patient's range of motion in the affected joint. In some cases, particularly those involving the hip, disabling osteoarthritis may develop.Reference: Mayo Staff/Rochester

 


~~Kitt~~
Moderator: Anxiety, Osteoarthritis,
GERD/Heartburn and Heart/Cardiovascular Disease.



“Have courage for the great sorrows of life and patience for the small ones; and when you have laboriously accomplished your daily task, go to sleep in peace. God is awake.”

Post Edited (stkitt) : 1/1/2013 2:36:59 PM (GMT-7)


stkitt
Forum Moderator


Date Joined Apr 2007
Total Posts : 32602
   Posted 1/1/2013 2:55 PM (GMT -7)   

Osteoporosis: Coping With Chronic Pain

Osteoporosis often causes very painful fractures, which can take many months to heal. In many cases, the pain starts to go away as the fracture heals. Most new fractures heal in approximately 3 months. Pain that continues after that is generally considered chronic pain.

One cause of chronic pain is vertebral fractures. When a vertebra breaks, some people have no pain, while others have intense pain and muscle spasms that last long after the fracture has healed.

Pain is the body’s way of responding to an injury. When a bone breaks, nerves send pain messages through the spinal cord to the brain, where they are interpreted.  Your response to pain is determined by many factors, including your emotional outlook.

For example, depression seems to increase pain perception and decrease abilities to cope with it. Often, treating the depression treats the pain as well.

Chronic pain is pain that lasts beyond the expected time for healing and interferes with normal life. The injury has healed, but the pain continues. The pain message may be triggered by:
•muscle tension
•stiffness
•weakness
•spasms

See Your Doctor

Whatever the cause of chronic pain, feelings of frustration, anger, and fear can make the pain more intense. Chronic pain can affect all areas of your life and should be taken seriously.
If you have chronic pain and need help managing it, you may wish to discuss these coping strategies with your doctor.

Heat / Ice

Heat in the form of warm showers or hot packs, can relieve chronic pain or stiff muscles.

Cold packs or ice packs provide pain relief by numbing the pain-sensing nerves in the affected area. Cold also helps reduce swelling and inflammation.

Depending on which feels better, apply heat or cold for 15 to 20 minutes at a time to the area where you feel the pain. To protect your skin, place a towel between your skin and the source of the cold or heat.

*Always check with your Dr. re what he/she recommends to help relieve the pain.

Braces / Supports

Spinal supports or braces reduce pain and inflammation by restricting movement. Following a vertebral fracture, a back brace or support will relieve pain and allow you to resume normal activities while the fracture heals. However, continuous use of a back support can weaken back muscles. For this reason, exercises to strengthen the muscles in the back should be started as soon as possible. Your Dr. will guide you re use of supports as well as ordering physical therapy for you if he feels you will benefit from therapy.

Exercise

Prolonged inactivity increases weakness and causes loss of muscle mass and strength. Because exercise raises the body’s level of endorphins (natural pain killers produced by the brain) it may somewhat relieve pain. A regular exercise program helps you:
•regain strength and energy
•relieve tension
•increase flexibility
•strengthen muscles
•reduces fatigue

Physical Therapy

Physical therapists can help you reorganize your home or work environment to avoid further injuries. Physical therapists also teach proper posture and exercises to strengthen the back and abdominal muscles without injuring a weakened spine. Water therapy in a pool, for example, can improve back muscle strength and reduce pain.

Acupuncture / Acupressure

Acupuncture is the use of special needles that are inserted into the body at certain points. These needles stimulate nerve endings and cause the brain to release endorphins. It may take several acupuncture sessions before the pain is relieved.

Acupressure is direct pressure applied to areas that trigger pain. Acupressure can be self-administered after training with an instructor.

Massage Therapy

Massage therapy can be a light, slow, circular motion with the fingertips or a deep, kneading motion that moves from the center of the body outward toward the fingers or toes. Massage relieves pain, relaxes stiff muscles, and smoothes out muscle knots by increasing the blood supply to the affected area and warming it. The person doing the massage uses oil or powder so that her or his hands slide smoothly over the skin.

Massage can also include gentle pressure over the affected areas or hard pressure over trigger points in muscle knots. Note: Deep muscle massage should not be done near the spine if you have spinal osteoporosis. Light, circular massage with fingers or the palm of the hand is best in this case

Relaxation Training

Relaxation involves concentration and slow, deep breathing to release tension from muscles and relieve pain. Learning to relax takes practice, but relaxation training can focus attention away from pain and release tension from all muscles. Relaxation tapes are widely available to help you learn these skills.

Visual Imagery

Visual imagery involves concentrating on mental pictures of pleasant scenes or events or mentally repeating positive words or phrases to reduce pain. Tapes are also available to help you learn visual imagery skills.

Distraction Techniques

Distraction techniques focus your attention away from negative or painful images to positive mental thoughts. This may include activities as simple as:
•watching television or a favorite movie
•reading a book or listening to a book on tape
•listening to music
•talking to a friend ( reference: Carol Eutice)

"People with osteoarthritis should try  to follow a comprehensive plan for managing their arthritis pain. Developing and maintaining a healthy lifestyle is key  to the successful management of osteoarthritis--eat right, exercise regularly, lose excess weight, and consider the use of medications based on your degree of pain."~ Daniel O. Clegg

 

 

 


~~Kitt~~
Moderator: Anxiety, Osteoarthritis,
GERD/Heartburn and Heart/Cardiovascular Disease.



“Have courage for the great sorrows of life and patience for the small ones; and when you have laboriously accomplished your daily task, go to sleep in peace. God is awake.”

stkitt
Forum Moderator


Date Joined Apr 2007
Total Posts : 32602
   Posted 7/14/2013 11:04 AM (GMT -7)   
In 2012, the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) released updated recommendations re Osteoarthritis:
 
 
 


 
~~Kitt~~
Moderator: Anxiety, Osteoarthritis,
GERD/Heartburn and Heart/Cardiovascular Disease.



"“Walk on with hope in your heart,
and you'll never walk alone."
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